CNA training comprises both classroom work and hands-on clinical training. Specific CNA requirements vary by state, but most CNA training programs require about 75 hours of classroom training and about 16 hours of supervised clinical training in a health facility. These are taught in high schools, community colleges, vocational and technical schools, hospitals, and nursing homes.
Specific CNA courses vary according to the specific state and specific program. On a very broad level CNA training courses cover patient care, medical procedures and equipment, communication and physiology.
CNA training classes may include some of the following:
- intro to health care
- human anatomy
- human physiology
- nursing skills
- medical terminology
- safety and nutrition
- infection control
- communication skills
- patient privacy and rights
- personal care skills (bathing, eating and grooming)
The clinical CNA training portion is a requirement. Typically you will follow a registered nurse as you are required to be supervised during this training. Here you will learn the practical hands-on aspects of patient care , patient communication and health-team interaction. Some tasks you may perform include:
- patient transport and assistance
- feeding of patients
- helping patients with personal hygiene
- dealing with bodily fluids
- bathing patients
During this practical training you will begin to get an appreciation and understanding of how health-care teams interact and how a health facility operates.
When they finish their required state education, nursing assistants can take a competency exam to become an actual CNA. See the CNA certification page for more details on that process.